Summer Guide Cape Cod

Summer Guide Cape Cod 2021

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Page 95 of 131 94 by a fishing schooner, named Rose Dorothea, and taken to Provincetown. In 2000, research- ers discovered the shipwreck off the coast of Provincetown and documented it; and the Paul Palmer has been added to the National Register of Historic Places. HMS Somerset The HMS Somerset was a 70-gun ship be- longing to the British Royal Navy, built in Cha- tham and launched in July 1748. The ship was involved in several battles, including the Seven Years' War and the American Revolutionary War. In 1778, due to an aggressive storm, the HMS Somerset ran aground off of Provincetown and 21 men were lost during the wreck. In 2010, the National Park Service used 3D imaging technol- ogy to record the exposed timbers of the ship- wreck. It's estimated that less than 10 percent of the HMS Somerset remains buried under sand. SS James Longstreet Built during World War II in Houston, Texas, the SS James Longstreet was named after the Con- federate General James Longstreet and entered service in 1942. Just a year later, on October 26, 1943, the ship collided with a British ship and ran aground off of Sandy Hook, New Jersey. The ship was then towed to New York City where it was declared a loss. In 1944, the Navy decided to repurpose the ship for target practice for ex- perimental missiles, giving it the name of "the target ship." In the 1970s, the Navy eventually stopped bombarding the SS James Longstreet; and today, the remains of the historic ship can be found off the coast of Eastham. SS Pendleton The SS Pendleton was a T2 tanker ship built in 1944 near Portland, Oregon. In 1948, the tank- er was sold to National Bulk Carriers for trans- port purposes. Just four years later in 1952, the SS Pendleton was en route from New Orleans to Boston when it then broke in two during a storm off of Cape Cod. The United States Coast Guard was searching for another T2 tanker, Fort Mercer, when it then pivoted to search for the SS Pendleton at the same time. Nine of forty one crew members were lost. The rescue of the SS Pendleton survivors is considered one of the most daring rescues of the United States Coast Guard. Rescuers were awarded the Coast Guard's Gold Lifesaving Medal, and, as a result, a book was written in 2009 by Michael J. Tougias titled The Fin- est Hours: The True Story Behind the US Coast Guard's Most Daring Rescue. The book was also made into a 2016 Disney-produced movie. Eldia On March 29, 1984, after delivering its load of Colombian sugar in Saint John, New Brusnwick, Canada, the steel Maltese freighter Eldia was hit by a storm delivering 80-mile-per-hour winds off the coast of Cape Cod. Without cargo or ballast and therefore riding high on the waves, Captain Ernesto Garces' attempt to make a run for the open sea was ill-fated. The 473-foot ves- sel was blown ashore onto Nauset Beach in East Orleans at around 4PM. By 6PM the crew of 23 had abandoned the ship and were rescued by a helicopter sent from Air Station Cape Cod. With easy access to the sight, an estimated 150,000 people came to view the ship as it remained beached until May 17, 1984 when the salvage company Donjon Marine drew the wreck back off the sand. The town of Orleans collected over $81,000 by charging sightseers a $2 per day fee to leave their vehicles in the Nau- set Beach parking lot while they walked the half A diver observes Paul Palmer's stern timbers. Photo courtesy of NOAA/SBNMS SS Pendleton grounded 6 miles off of Chatham. Photo courtesy of USCG, Richard C. Kelsey

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